Nicolaie Ionescu, Cătălin Dinuță, Diana Popescu, Oana Badea, Cristina Ghiorghe, Magdalena Podea, Mariana Nicolaie, Robert Gheorghe
Full Text PDF | grains, Pisum sativum, pods, variability.
Peas, as a valuable nutritious and cultivated plant (Myers et al., 2010), have recently received special attention for the improvement of new varieties (Kreplak et al., 2019). They are increasingly adapted to any kind of environmental conditions. Thus, we want an increased production of grains, contents in active principles as high as possible (Pownall et al., 2010), but also to increase its proportion in the structure of crops on a farm. The Alvesta variety, studied for its specific morphological characters, is one of the newest creations. Even in the slightly drier conditions of the last period (two years), this variety formed plants with heights of 42-45 cm, with a total plant weight of 7.5 g. 10 knots were formed on a pea stem (at one node the floral and fruit raceme are caught and formed). Each plant formed 4 pods, weighing 6 g and 16 berries weighing 4.5-6 g. The bean had a diameter of 7 mm and the absolute weight of the berries was 215 g. Among these morphological characters were obtained significantly positive correlations in most cases. Insignificant situations were between the absolute mass of the berries with the size of the plant, with the number of nodes, with the total number of pods and with the number of berries on a plant. Only one insignificant negative correlation was observed between the number of nodes on the stem and the diameter of the grains. Regarding the variability of the determined characters, slightly higher values were found, mainly due to the existence of the dry bottom. And yet the Alvesta variety, with improved morphological characters proved to be a good adaptability to zonal cultivation conditions.
Cite this paper: Ionescu, N., Dinuță, C., Popescu, D., Badea, O., Ghiorghe, C., Podea, M., Nicolaie, M., Gheorghe, R. (2021). VARIATION OF SOME NEW MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS IN THE FIELD PEAS (PISUM SATIVUM L.). Current Trends in Natural Sciences, 10(20), 93-101. https://doi.org/10.47068/ctns.2021.v10i20.013