Ionuț-Valentin Vasile, Roxana Luca-Vasile, Emilian Madoșă
Full Text PDF | Crocus sativus, quantitative parameters, qualitative parameters, variability
Saffron is an aromatic herb appreciated for its olfactory qualities, but also for its medicinal contributions, having multiple pharmaceutical properties. The cultivation of saffron in Romania is rather little known, the scientific data obtained being of interest for farmers who want to start such a culture. In this paper two populations of saffron were studied, the bulbs being of the same origin and age, grown in two different localities in western Romania: Izvin and Cicir. Regarding the quality characteristics, the two cultures belong to quality categories 1 and 2, and analyses were determined on moisture, colouring power (crocin), aromatic power (safranal) and bitterness power (picrocrocin). From a quantitative point of view, the variability of morphological characters, the manifestation of morphological characters, the coefficients of corallance on characters such as: number of bulbs, total diameter of bulbs, diameter of dominant bulb, length of leaflet, leaf length, leaf width, number of leaves dominant bulb, petal length, petal width, petal number, stamen length, stigma length were determined.
Cite this paper: Vasile, I.V., Luca-Vasile, R., Madoșă, E. (2021). STUDIES ON THE VARIABILITY OF MORPHOLOGIVAL AND QUALITY CHARACTERS IN SAFFRON (CROCUS SATIVUS). Current Trends in Natural Sciences, 10(19), 299-306. https://doi.org/10.47068/ctns.2021.v10i19.038