Ismail Tas, Yusuf Ersoy Yildirim
Full Text PDF | agriculture, drainage system, Turkey.
There is a need for drainage systems in all lands worldwide weather or not the lands were opened for irrigation. Drainage practices play a significant role both in the preservation of soil and water resources and in the protection of environment and ecology. Therefore, irrigation projects should definitely be constructed together with drainage facilities. The lands with drainage problems turned into marshlands in time and humans abandoned these lands. History of drainage systems goes back to very early civilizations. However, the first modern sub-surface drainage systems were founded at the beginning of the 19th century. Excess water in plant root regions has been discharged in different countries and regions with different materials placed over the impervious layer. Today with developed technology, both surface and sub-surface drainage systems can be constructed easily and economically. The critical point is to have proper surveys and designs. The first drainage Project of Turkey was constructed at the end of 1960s in Tarsus plain over 3 thousand hectare land area. By the year 2015, about 170 thousand land areas were drained from different regions and plains of Turkey. Drainage system construction works are ongoing over 10 thousand land area in different plains and regions and tenders were completed for drainage projects of 50 thousand land area. The nationwide master plans indicated a need for drainage systems for about 2.5 million land area. In this study, yesterday, today and tomorrow of drainage practices in Turkey were assessed and information and recommendations were provided for efficient drainage systems.
Cite this paper: Tas, I., Yildirim, Y.E. (2020). DRAINAGE PRACTICES IN TURKEY. Current Trends in Natural Sciences, 9(17), 89-96. https://doi.org/10.47068/ctns.2020.v9i17.010