Maria Denisa Conete
Full Text PDF | Argeş River, protected bird species.
The present paper provides the results of the ecological research conducted over 16 years on the avifauna of the reservoirs (a site of the Natura 2000 Network) located in the middle valley of the Argeş River. Biodiversity protection is becoming more problematic, paradoxically due to thoughtless human interventions. Out of the 11,121 species identified so far, one third are in danger of extinction worldwide. With reference to the Bern Convention on the conservation of wildlife and natural habitats in Europe, 200 species (95.69%) identified in the area under research are included in its annexes. 101 species are recorded in the annexes of the Bonn Convention. 53 species (Phalacrocorax pygmeus, Pelecanus crispus, Anser erythropus, Aythya nyroca, etc.) are enlisted in Annex 1 of the Birds Directive. 12 species are found in the IUCN Red List (International Union for Conservation of Nature) considered to be threatened or endangered species and 8 species are protected globally. An important role in preserving biodiversity is played not only by natural lakes and meadows but also by reservoirs, many of them host to a quantitatively unique and diverse fauna. A necessary measure for the protection of most vulnerable bird species is the preservation of their habitats through the identification, conservation and global expansion of valuable areas – Special Protection Areas (SPA). Awareness on the importance and management effectiveness of these protected areas becomes mandatory in the context of the international and national strategies for the protection and conservation of nature. We have to abide by the requirements of the Birds Directive and of the Water Framework Directive and to eliminate all the unsustainable practices promoted in the studied area. The unsustainable economic interests must not prevail upon the problems related to the conservation of biodiversity. Only the joint effort of all the states may save the bird species (biodiversity in general) and contain other dire effects caused by climate change.