Alina Andronescu, Gabriela Zgurschi
Full Text PDF | Saponaria pumilio, bioforms, phytogeographic elements.
Saponaria pumilio is an alpine, herbaceous species from Caryophyllaceae family. It occurs dispersed in Eastern Alps and Romanian Carpathians (Iezer-Păpusa and Făgăras Massif). It was integrated in Potentillo chrysocraspedae–Festucetum airoidis association, class Juncetea trifidi KLIKA et HADAC 1944, order Caricetalia curvulae Br.-Bl. 1926, alliance Caricion curvulae Br.-Bl. 1925 Boscaiu 1971. In this paper we present some aspects of S. pumilio coenological integration in Iezer-Păpusa Mountains. The Potentillo chrysocraspedae–Festucetum airoidis association was characterized based on some phytocoenological investigations made in this Massif. The identified relevés from Iezer-Păpusa Massif were included in a phytocoenological table and the data were calculated by the Diemont method. Using this method we observed that bioforms are well represented by hemicryptophytes, followed by camephytes. With regard to phytogeographic elements, the Carpathian-Balkan, Eurasian and European-Arctic-Alpine are prevalent. The presence of Potentilla ternata species indicated the affiliation of this association to Carpathian-Balkan area.